Child Psychology

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Development Stages & Ages

What to expect of physical development:

Physical development by six months

He will show basic distinctions in vision, hearing, smelling, tasting, touching, temperature and perceiving pain. He will also lift his head when on his stomach and possibly show squeals of delight as well as grasp objects and roll over.

Physical development by 12 months

He can control his torso and hands, sit without support, crawl and has growing control of legs and feet. He may stand or creep across the floor.

Physical development by 18 months

Can creep or crawl up stairs, possibly walk, draw lines on paper with crayon and will show growing physical independence.

Physical development by age two

He can go up and down steps, run, sit self on chair, use a spoon and fork, turn single pages in a book, kick a ball, attempt to dress himself, build a tower of six blocks, kick a ball and has bowel and bladder control (though he may not care to show it and be toilet trained!).

Physical development by age three

He can run well, march, stand on one foot briefly, ride a tricycle, feed himself (with a bit of mess), put on his own shoes and socks (tie laces!), unbutton and button.

Physical development by age four

He can skip on one foot, cut with scissors, wash and dry his own face, dress himself, throw a ball overhand and other skills to show growing independence.

Physical development by age five

He can hop and skip, dress without help, has good balance and smoother muscle action, skate or ride a scooter, print and write simple letters, establish whether he is left or right handed. Girls’ fine motor skill development is likely to be about one year ahead of boys.

Physical development by age seven

He can stand on one foot with eyes closed for three seconds, walk on a line in heel-toe fashion, skip on both feet, possibly ride a bicycle without training wheels, jump rope, catch and bounce a tennis ball.